Organic Gardening

As more and more people are learning about the benefits of eating organic foods, it is no surprise that many are interested in organic gardening.  While growing your own food at home is mostly organic, there are some things that you should keep in mind if you want to have the same high quality foods that you find at a local organic foods store.  While the term organic can have different meanings to different people, there are some general standards which almost everyone agrees to.

Some of the things that are required for food to be considered organic are going to be simple to follow for your home gardening.  Food cannot be processed using irradiation, chemical food additives or industrial solvents which, of course, almost nobody would even think about doing with the food grown in their garden.  Therefore, processed foods or fruits sprayed with inorganic fertilizer are NOT organic!

Organic Ideas

The following are a few of the most important things to keep in mind when planning an organic garden.  Following these ideas will help you to grow organic food, that are much better tasting than most produce you find in the supermarket.

  • Crop Diversity – Planting multiple different types of crops in the same general area is important because each of the plants will be taking up some of the nutrients in the soil and putting in others. The diversity of planting allows the soil to maintain a balance naturally without having to add additional agents to the soil.

 

  • Crop Rotation – While less critical with the use of crop diversity, it is still important to plant different types of crops in the soil each season. Simply moving things around each year is sufficient for most gardens.

 

  • Soil Management – Healthy soil with proper levels of nutrients is critical for all successful gardening. While ideally you won’t have to use much, fertilizers can be important to use only if these are made with all natural contents. This will make you maintain the organic quality of the produce you want to harvest.Using natural composting and ‘green manure’ are two excellent ways to ensure your soil is ready for growing. Dried leaves that are left to compost can also serve as good fertilizers.

 

  • Weed Management – Keeping weeds out of the way is important in any garden and with organic options; you need to do it naturally. This is often done by using mulch to suppress their growth and encourage the growth of the plants you desire. There are many other all natural options for weed management in this type of gardening.

 

  • Pest Control – This is one of the most important parts of organic gardening. Keeping bugs and other pests off of your plants is critical, but it must be done without chemicals or anything that is unnatural.  There are many different methods people use to help keep their garden pest free naturally.

As you can see, there are many different aspects to organic gardening.  With a little bit of time invested into learning about this great way to grow food you can have a successful garden which is strong and healthy quicker than you might imagine.

Japanese Garden: Unique Way to Embrace Nature

Gardening enthusiasts adore the idea of Japanese garden because of the calmness and beauty it brings to property. Shops, buildings, restaurants and other commercial establishments incorporate Japanese garden to their landscape. If you want to have your own Japanese garden at your backyard, then you have to consider some elements.

First, you have to grasp the true meaning of nature. It means you have to design your garden as natural as possible and not to add things that could destroy its natural beauty. If you try to add water features in your garden, you should think of one that naturally occurs in environment like a waterfall.

You must also have the concept of balance. One purpose of Japanese garden is to recreate the real nature into the small garden you have. Rocks can be your mountain, ponds could be the lakes and sand could mean the ocean.

You should be careful when choosing your elements in the garden. You must not lose the concept of nature and balance.

Ma and Sabi/Wabi (Space and Time)

The spaces or Ma are important aspect of Japanese gardening. You must consider the elements that surround the space.

In and yo (yin and yang in Chinese) is applied in this concept. It might be hard to understand at first but it is an essential part of Japanese gardening.

Another important concept is the Sabi and Wabi or the element of time. Wabi is essence of the uniqueness of something while Sabi is the character strengthens by time.

The time and space elements are essential for Japanese garden. As the season changes, your garden must reflect the characteristics of each season. Japanese gardening last until winter unlike the Westerners who stop gardening at the end of fall.

During spring, the garden must show a relaxing effect by offering new blossoms. In summer, the green color and the sight of the pond reflects the true essence of summer, the dramatic effect of yellow or orange flowers during fall and the white snow that dominates the garden during winter.

Spring and winter are two of the most essential growing season in Japan. Snow blossoms or Sekku in Japanese is the snow on braches and the Snow lantern or Yukimi is a snow lantern used in Japanese garden during winter. Winter is the most important part of gardening as it is the sleeping time of the garden.

Garden borders

If you want your garden to be the real escape from reality, then you have to separate it from the real world. In order to achieve it, gates and fences are essential

These borders represent deep meaning for a Japanese garden. These separate you from the worries and problems. The fence encloses you and your garden away from the real world while the gate is where you leave your problems and deal with them once you exit the garden.

This is the concept of Miegakure or hide and reveal. The fence is put up easily and with the use of plants, it hides what is inside the garden. You can have a small part of the fence to be cut down for people to have a look at your garden.

You can also make use of sleeve fences or Sode-gaki to have a view of the garden from the house. Through these borders, you can lose track of time and yourself within your garden.

Three Basic Japanese Garden Styles

All the concepts above are applied to these three styles. You can either choose from the three to incorporate in your backyard.

Hill and Pond Garden (Chisen-Kaiyu-skiki)

This style is greatly influenced by Chinese. A space or water feature is surrounded with gravel and hill. This is to show the mountainous areas and vegetation in the area. Stroll gardens make use of this style.

Flat Garden (Hiraniwa)

It is inspired by the flat spaces used by palaces and temples for ceremonies. This is a good place to mediate by yourself and make use of the appropriate plants to create a relaxing effect. Courtyards commonly use this style

Tea Gardens (Rojiniwa)

This style focused greatly on functionality. The dewy path or Roji is the focal point of the garden style with the gates and pond. Plants should be chosen carefully for country look of your garden

Formality should also be considered when using either of the styles. Hill and Pond Garden can be formal (shin), intermediate (gyo) and informal (so). Shin style is used in palaces and temples while Gyo is for residence. The So is for huts or retreats and tea garden is one informal style.

One should embrace the concepts of Japanese garden in your backyard. You may not have used all the techniques but the important thing is you have achieved serenity and a natural garden that is your true escape from the outside world.

4 Simple Steps to Remember When Starting Your Vegetable Garden

This Spring will be different.

You’ll dust off the old gardening gloves (or open the package they’ve sat in for all these years) and start your long-awaited vegetable garden.

How do I know this, you ask? Well, I too, was once a casualty of garden procrastination. It wasn’t until I actually started my garden that I realized how easy and inexpensive they really are. All you need is a little know-how and a few lawn equipment tools and parts.

So, if you’re looking for a guide for the perfect budget-savvy backyard garden, let me help you get started.

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What Is the Goal of This Garden?

Before you start making any decisions with your garden planning, it’s important to understand why you are taking on this project in the first place.

  • Is it to get home-grown vegetables from your own backyard?
  • Is it to avoid pesticides?
  • Is it to grow something that can’t be found anywhere else?
  • Or is it just for a fun summer activity?

Depending on the reasoning for your garden, you can narrow down the criteria for getting it started.

Make It Easy

This may seem obvious to most people, but keeping your first garden simple can save you time and headaches down the road. Keep your garden within the scope of your skills and budget. Plant vegetables that are easy to grow. And most importantly, do your research – check out gardening books from the library, search the internet to get your questions answered, and don’t be afraid to approach your local nursery.

Nothing can trump a well-educated green thumb!

What Do You Want to Grow?

At this point, you should have a pretty good idea on what you’re looking to get out of your garden. Now comes the implementation. Take a minute to sit down and map out your garden. Draw a scaled diagram of your garden, with proper spacing for each plant you intend on planting.

For example, you’ll need about 8 inches of space between lettuce. Doing this assures you that you’ll have enough space for each plant to grow properly.

If you’re looking to make your garden as easy and carefree as possible…

I recommend avoiding:

  • cauliflower
  • celery
  • onions
  • artichokes

These veggies are temperamental and will test your patience.

So if you aren’t looking for a challenge…

I recommend using:

  • lettuce
  • carrots
  • cucumbers
  • peppers

Keep in mind that you can save a lot of time and stress by avoiding seeds and going directly to starters. These starters have already been grown for a few weeks, so their survival rate is much higher than seeds.

And they’re simple — just dig a hole, plant them, and watch the results. These should be available at any of your local nurseries.

Choose the Right Soil

Other than your climate, there’s no aspect of a healthy garden more important that the soil.

As a rule of thumb, you’ll want to use soil that’s loose and drains well. More specifically, you’ll need soil with proper amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, calcium and even boron.

These nutrients are used to maintain a proper soil pH level. Your goal should be to always maintain a pH level between 6 and 7.

If you don’t already have a pH meter, your local hardware stores and nurseries will carry them for a few bucks. Get one and use it often!

Conclusion

And that’s how easy it can be to start your own backyard garden. Trust me when I say that this will be one of the best investments you can make all year long. Not only will you share the process of growing your own food with your family and neighbors, but you’ll also have delicious, organic vegetables, that YOU grew!

It’s a feeling that I hope everyone can experience.

This article is by no means a comprehensive guide to starting the perfect garden, it’s merely some tips that I wish I would have known before I started my first garden. A solid plan for your garden will pay off in dividends come harvesting season. And who knows, maybe next year you’ll determine that your whole yard would look better as a garden.

What tips do you think are worth sharing with other green-thumbs? Let us know in the comments!
Image source

Eat Your Garden: Best Plants for Edible Landscaping

Not many folks are able to look at their beautiful, blooming landscaping and see their next meal. Most landscaping features a visual quality but lacks gustatory appeal. The good news for hungry gardeners is that edibility can be added to your landscape—all without sacrificing the eye-catching features you’d expect. Welcome to the world of edible landscaping. The following flora are as beautiful as they are scrumptious.

Globe Artichoke

Aesthetically, globe artichokes are one of the best edible plants you can add to your garden. Their spiky jade green leaves and flowering purple blades add visual appeal. Use these tasty vegetables for salads, grilling or the always popular spinach-artichoke dip.

Sunflowers

Classic and gorgeous, sunflowers’ electric yellow petals bloom around a fuzzy brown stigma as they peer up at our star. Their toasted seeds make for a wonderful snack or as a topping for salads.

Mint

Mint’s vibrant green leaves and refreshing fragrance makes it a fitting addition to any edible garden. This herb grows rapidly and its roots (called “runners”) will proliferate through your garden if it’s not contained in a pot, according to ApartmentTherapy.com. Sprigs should be collected prior to the plant flowering. Grow mint in areas receiving both sun and partial shade.

Figs

Plant a fig tree in your yard to please both you and your neighborhood fauna. The tree grows large, glossy leaves and produces the saccharine, purple fruit you know and love. Use them for fig jam, dessert or eat them raw. Use mulch to safeguard the trunk from the lawn mower and grass trimmer as well as to inhibit weed growth.

Nasturtium

Despite its unattractive name, nasturtium produces edible warm-colored flowers. Their leaves can be ingested as well—they’re mildly spicy with a taste not dissimilar to radishes, according to TreeHugger.com. The seeds can even be pickled—think capers—for a delicious condiment.

Chives

Chives are relatively easy to grow and are welcome in any garden. Harvest this perennial’s cylindrical green stalks for use in omelets or to sprinkle on your baked potato. Chives blossom into flowers with starry, pale purple petals—also edible, also delicious.

Elderberries

Respect your elderberries. Clusters of these deep purple berries lend themselves well to jelly and preserves as well as elderberry wine, according to TreeHugger.com. Its butter-cream flowers can be preserved as sugars and syrups.

Chamomile

Similar in appearance to daisies, chamomile’s creamy white petals bloom from a sunny yellow stigma. The plant can be harvested and used as an herbal remedy or for a soothing tea. Several plants share the chamomile name: English, Roman and German chamomile share similar qualities, according to HowStuffWorks.com.

Passion Fruit

The passion fruit is a climbing vine that uses its tendrils to scale any surface, no matter how high, according to TropicalPermaculture.com. The flower of the passion fruit alone is worth it. Even if the succulent fruit fails to grow, the beautiful violet foliage emerges in a stringy pattern that is a pleasure to behold.

NuMex Twilight

The spicy chili peppers of the NuMex Twilight resemble colored, conical LED Christmas lights in yellow, red, orange and purple hues. These peppers are suitable for pots.

Maintaining Winter Gardens Need Not Be Boring

plant-with-snow-in-winterWinter is here to stay and is making great performance of brisk winds and threatening snow storms.

As an avid gardener, you know your work is never done – no matter the season.

The green thumb knows there are a variety of ways to keep busy during the winter.

From planting crops that can handle the winter temperatures to growing plants indoors, winter gardening can be accomplished.

The benefits of winter gardening are vast.

As hibernation season, we stay in more and exercise less, so gardening is a way to get outside and be active.

Another benefit is avoiding the price hike in fruits and vegetables by growing your own. Of course, the benefits of produce itself will ward off illnesses that may attack during the vulnerable Flu season.

Here’s a really cool video I found on how to build a raised vegetable garden:

The best benefit of all is the joy that will come from keeping your green thumb active. What you enjoy most about spring and summer can be indulged by the environment you create with winter gardens.

Now to select your plants!

A bit or research will go into this process as your plant selection depends on your region, location of growth (indoors, outdoors, solar garden) and personality. However, if you are providing a heated environment, you are may choose almost any plant to grow.

Produce – for those who enjoy fewer pests.

  • Tomatoes
  • Carrots
  • Potatoes
  • Rosemary
  • Parsley
  • Kale
  • Parsnip
  • Broccoli
  • Mustard
  • Spinach
  • Turnips
  • … and more

Flowers – for those who enjoy a beautiful, colorful view.

  • Snowdrops
  • Bergenia
  • Hellebores
  • Camellias
  • Pansies
  • Petunias
  • Snap Dragon
  • Iceland Poppy
  • and Cyclamen

Trees – for the ambitious green thumbs.

  • Japanese Maple
  • Crape-myrtle

Other – for those who dare to be different.

  • Ornamental Grass
  • Winter Berries (such as Nandina, Evergreen Hollies and Beautyberry)
  • Witch Hazel

During this cold and darker season, don’t forget to get the kids involved. It can be fun to help plant and watch the crop grow.

They can take snap-shots of the growth process and create a presentation or they can simply give it as a home-warming gift to a family friend. There are many options that are fun and educational.

This post was written by Philippe Allaire, a guest author with over 15 years experience in the home improvement field, from landscaping to kitchens renovations, together we are sure to accomplish any project around the house you may have.